Comparisons of organic and conventional agriculture need improvement, say researchers

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Phys.org
Phys. Org. – MARCH 18, 2020 – by Chalmers University of Technology
https://phys.org/news/2020-03-comparisons-conventional-agriculture.html

The environmental effects of agriculture and food are hotly debated. But the most widely used method of analysis often tends to overlook vital factors such as biodiversity, soil quality, pesticide impacts and societal shifts, and these oversights can lead to incorrect conclusions on the merits of intensive and organic agriculture. This is according to a trio of researchers writing in the journalNature Sustainability.

The most common method for assessing the environmental impacts ofagricultureand food is the life cycle assessment (LCA). Studies using this method sometimes claim that organic agriculture is actually worse for the climate because it has lower yields, and therefore uses more land to compensate. For example,a recent study inNature Communicationsthat made this claimwas widely reported by many publications.

However, three researchers from France, Denmark and…

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Access to water and improved water use efficiency are essential to reduce the vulnerability of rural communities to climate shocks in West Africa

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Water scarcity is one of the major challenges of the 21st century and drylands are the most affected, including West Africa.

By News Ghana – Nov 4, 2019
https://www.newsghana.com.gh/access-to-water-and-improved-water-use-efficiency-are-essential-to-reduce-the-vulnerability-of-rural-communities-to-climate-shocks-in-west-africa/

Dirty Water

West Africa and the Sahel region is among the most vulnerable to food and nutrition insecurity in Sub Saharan Africa. In West Africa, the number of undernourished people reached 51.6 million in 2018, while the prevalence of severe food insecurity in the total population reached 17.6% (SOFI 2019)

The region is characterized by harsh climatic conditions with strong climatic variations and irregular rainfalls, which are a serious obstacle to food security and poverty reduction in the region. The high variable rainfall patterns (with an average of 100 to 600 mm a year) is one among the many complex and interconnected challenges that face the region.

The majority of farmers rely on unreliable and erratic rainfall and rain fed agriculture…

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Levels and trends in child malnutrition

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Source: UNICEF, WHO, World Bank Group joint malnutrition estimates, 2019 edition. Note: *Eastern Asia excluding Japan; **Oceania excluding Australia and New Zealand;
***Northern America sub-regional average based on United States data. There is no estimate available for the sub-regions of Europe or Australia and New Zealand due to
insufficient population coverage. These maps are stylized and not to scale and do not reflect a position by UNICEF, WHO or World Bank Group on the legal status of any country
or territory or the delimitation of any frontiers.

https://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/jme-2019-key-findings.pdf?ua=1

UNICEF / WHO / World Bank Group
Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates
Key findings of the 2019 edition

These new estimates supersede former
analyses and results published by UNICEF,
WHO and the World Bank Group.

Good nutrition allows children to survive, grow, develop,
learn, play, participate and contribute – while malnutrition
robs children of their futures and leaves young lives hanging
in the…

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The three main forms of malnutrition: under-nutrition, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, and overweight and obesity (IRIN News)

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Read at :

http://www.irinnews.org/report.aspx?reportid=93469

HEALTH: WHO malnutrition initiative

GENEVA, 10 August 2011 (IRIN) – The World Health Organization has launched a web-based information system it hopes will help prevent millions of people from suffering various forms of malnutrition, ranging from under-nutrition to obesity, every year.

One of the major challenges in fighting malnutrition has been the vast and often conflicting array of evidence and advice on nutrition information. The e-Library of Evidence for Nutrition Actions (eLENA) eliminates the inconsistent standards and provides authoritative guidelines to tackle malnutrition, said Francesco Branca, WHO’s nutrition director.

“What we need to do is to make clear what are effective interventions,” Branca told journalists in Geneva ahead of the 10 August launch of the e-library at an Asian meeting on nutrition in Colombo, Sri Lanka.

eLENA covers the three main forms of malnutrition: under-nutrition, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, and overweight and obesity.

(continued)

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Combating all forms of malnutrition (UN News)

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UN LAUNCHES WEB-BASED GUIDE TO HELP COMBAT ALL FORMS OF MALNUTRITION

New York, Aug 10 2011  9:05AM

The United Nations World Health Organization (WHO) today launched a web-based tool that gives governments and health-care providers access to clear guidance on how to scale up life-saving nutrition interventions to combat all forms of malnutrition.

The WHO e-Library of Evidence for Nutrition Actions (eLENA), launched at the beginning of a three-day Asian regional meeting on nutrition in Colombo, Sri Lanka, is designed to help governments overcome one of the major challenges in fighting malnutrition – the vast, and often conflicting, array of evidence and advice that exists on effective, preventive and therapeutic nutrition interventions.

The online eLENA project will prioritize and present the latest advice on tackling the three main forms of malnutrition – undernutrition, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, and overweight and obesity.

“Several billion people are affected by one or more…

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Malnutrition: Tackling a major killer of under – 5s

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Newtelegraph
  – ALI GARBA Alihttps://www.newtelegraphng.com/malnutrition-tackling-a-major-killer-of-under-5s/

Every year, about 20 million children under five years of age suffer severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and of these, about one million die annually in Africa. In this report, ALI GARBA Ali highlights the ordeal of malnourished children and the intervention of the state government and other agencies to curb unnecessary mortality.

Wabu is a village in Gamawa Local Government Area of Bauchi State that has been ravaged in recent years by desertification, resulting in poor agricultural output by farmers, especially in crops and animal production needed for the growth of infants.

Moreover, due to the effects of desertification and drought, most residents in Wabu community lack access to arable farm lands that could boost the supply of food containing vital nutrients such as vegetables, fruits, beans, eggs, amongothers, for the body system, especially for the growthand development of children.

However, one-year-old Hassan…

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BOOK OUTLINES HOW AGRICULTURE CAN BE REVOLUTIONIZED, SUPPORTED BY NEW INTERNATIONAL BODIES

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Mike Krings
KU News Service -Mon, 03/16/2020 – http://today.ku.edu/2020/03/04/book-outlines-how-agriculture-can-be-revolutionized-supported-new-international-bodies

LAWRENCE —Revolutionizing the way humans practice agriculture by implementing new practices supported by international bodies might sound like a radical idea. Yet it’s possible, according to a University of Kansas legal expert whose new book shares how similar international bodies have already moved beyond the 16thcentury idea of sovereignty. A global corporate trust for agroecological integrity could help prevent a collapse in the systems humans use for food production.

Climate change, soil degradation, erosion and poor farming practices have put agriculture and ecosystems around the world in peril. John Head, the Robert W. Wagstaff Distinguished Professor of Law at KU, has written a new book and a pair of law review articles outlining how institutional changes could form entities that oversee agricultural concerns in what he calls “eco-states” instead of nation-states. Those could usher in a change from…

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