New Scientist reports on Nairobi study mapping out role of urbanization in zoonotic pathogen transmission

ILRI Clippings

Global Agenda Visit to Ol Kalou: Dairy cow

A cow in Kenya. An on-going study in Nairobi, Kenya is investigating how zoonotic pathogens are introduced to urban populations through livestock commodity value-chains (photo credit: ILRI/Paul Karaimu).

A study by 12 Kenyan and UK institutions, including the University of Liverpool, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and the University of Nairobi, is investigating the role of urbanization in the origin and spread of zoonotic pathogens (those that spread between humans and animals) in Nairobi, Kenya.

According to an article published online and in print in the New Scientist in August 2014, the Nairobi study is investigating the effects of ‘close interactions between people and animals’ in urban settings on the spread of pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Campylobacter and Salmonella, which can infect both humans and animals.

The ‘Epidemiology, ecology and social-economics of disease emergence in Nairobi’ project is expected to reveal how pathogens are introduced into urban populations…

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Animals, not people, should serve as sentinels of infectious diseases of both–Delia Grace

ILRI Clippings

Girl and chickens in household doorway in Nigeria

A girl shares the entrance to her house with a family of chickens in Oyo State, Nigeria (photo credit: ILRI/Mann).

Researchers at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) argue in an opinion piece published yesterday on the Guardian‘s Poverty Matters Blog (11 February 2011) that the best way to reduce the threat of infectious diseases sweeping the world is to watch for their rise in animal populations. A remarkable 61% of all human pathogens, and 75% of new human pathogens, such as those causing bird flu and HIV/AIDS, are ‘zoonotic,’ that is, transmissible between people and animals.

‘Some of the most lethal bugs affecting humans originate in our domesticated animals,’ says Delia Grace, a veterinary and food safety scientist at ILRI. But, she warns, ‘there’s a dangerous disconnect between the agricultural and health sectors of most countries, with the former focused on increasing the production and profitability of crop…

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Draconian bans on urban livestock in developing countries ‘not the answer’–Guardian on ILRI report

ILRI Clippings

Urban zoonoses and food safety: Nairobi

Customers at a milk bar in Ndumbuini in Kabete, Nairobi  (photo credit: ILRI/Paul Karaimu).

Mark Tran in the Guardian‘s Poverty Matters Blog warns us this week not to keep chickens under our beds. On the other hand, he infers, chicken bought on the street in poor countries may be safer to eat than that from the supermarket. Tran is reporting on a new in-depth study by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) of livestock keeping in urban areas of Nigeria and Kenya. That study found that while living among animals in crowded urban environments does have risks for human health, ‘banning urban livestock or getting rid of markets can often do more harm than good’.

‘As more people leave the countryside for the city in the developing world, many continue to rely on agriculture for a living’, Tran reports.’ At least 800 million people in cities in poor countries…

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How the anti-meat mantra of rich countries hurts development in poor countries

ILRI Clippings

ILRI Director General Jimmy Smith (photo credit: ILRI).

Rich countries making bad food choices and consuming too much meat should not force their ideas about environmental and health issues and agricultural sustainability on the world’s many hungry people who eat too little livestock-sourced nutrition says, says Dr Jimmy Smith from the International Livestock Research Institute in Africa.

‘The developing world has much to learn from rich western economies, but eating less meat is not one of those lessons.

‘Kenyan-based livestock research chief, Dr Jimmy Smith, says producing more meat and making it more available to international markets will be critical to helping the economic and nutritional health of developing countries and their small scale farmers.

While some in developed societies keenly promoted meat-reduced or meat-free lifestyles, he said it was unfair to impose such broad-brush views on countries where diets already lacked enough animal-sourced nutrition.

There was no moral equivalence between those…

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Jimmy Smith in Australia makes the case for greater investments in pro-poor livestock development

ILRI Clippings

Jimmy Smith, director general of ILRI

Jimmy Smith, director general of ILRI (photo: ILRI/Paul Karaimu).

The livestock sector plays a significant role in development, but Dr. Jimmy Smith, director general of the International Livestock Research Institute, says this is not reflected in official development assistance—which contributes less than 0.25 percent to livestock.

‘[Jimmy] Smith visited Australia between April 3 and April 7, as the last leg of a global trip that included stops in the United Kingdom and United States. In each country, he pushed for greater ODA toward livestock sectors in the developing world.

‘During his stay, Smith discussed his thoughts with Devex. This interview has been edited for length and clarity.

‘Your visit to Australia is timely—we have just had the preliminary release of 2016 ODA figures from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development showing Australian contribution has declined. How do you frame discussions on ODA with donor…

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2nd PENAPH Conference: Call for Course Proposals: Jan 10-12, 2018, Thailand


2nd PENAPH Conference, January 10-12, 2018, Thailand

Participatory Approaches in Animal Health, Public Health, One Health and Ecohealth

Call for Pre and Post Conference Courses, Proposals Due June 15, 2017

The mission of The Participatory Epidemiology Network for Animal and Public Health (PENAPH) is to promote inclusive approaches to health that promote instutional change and empower participants at all levels. Training on appropriate techniques is one of the most powerful ways to make progress towards this goal. PENAPH would like to invite course proposals for the periods before and after the conference (January 10-12):

  • Pre- conference for up to two days ( January 8-9)
  • Post-conference for up to two weeks (January 15-26)

Topics of interest include but are not limited too:

  • Participatory Epidemiology
  • Epidemiology
  • One Health – EcoHealth
  • Surveillance
  • Community Health and Animal Health

Course proposals should include:

  • Course title
  • Course facilitators (names and affliations)
  • Course learning objectives
  • Course…

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Happy Camel vs the Sad Cow

Natural Health with theCamel Milk

The Scientists are agreed that the products, especially milk coming from a happy and comfortable animal are far better than the animal in distressed conditions with a sad feeling. Now it is yours’ choice, either you take milk from a happy animal or a sad animal as both types are available in the market. I’m convinced that some cow farmings are eco-friendly and green but the majority have the sad cows. If compared to camel dairying, the cow production system is much behind in quality and happiness index.  A brief view of both types of farming systems (the sad cow and the happy camel) is given in the ensuing lines.

The Happy Animal: Camel farming is very eco-friendly, natural, clean, dry & airy, shiny and completely free of any foul smell. This clean environment ensures the quality of livelihood of the camel and the absence of pathogenic microorganisms. Camel is…

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