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The average number of food emergencies in Africa has almost tripled since the 1980s. Today, approximately one third of people in sub-Saharan Africa are undernourished. Although the money spent on short-term food aid has increased, aid for increasing agricultural production – essential for long-term food security – has decreased. A report from Oxfam, an international non-governmental organisation, found that many problems remain unresolved since their first campaign to find solutions to food crises in 1960. People are extraordinarily resourceful during acute food crises. However, when local survival strategies are exhausted, and when national governments are unwilling or unable to act, international humanitarian assistance becomes vital.
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